Pursuing Higher Education

Thesis statement: Everyone should pursue their higher education degree.

First Argument: Higher education as the facilitator in character building.

Second Argument: Higher education as the passport to higher earnings.

Third Argument: Higher education as the boost to the economy of a country.

Counter-Argument: Many people think that higher education does not really matter in pursuing success because people still can get success without pursuing higher education.

Rebuttal: Higher education is one of the effective ways to success.


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Pursuing Higher Education

          Higher education has been a controversial topic for these past few years. Many people argue that higher education is very important for an individual’s life while the rest are opposing the idea. Nevertheless, in my perspective higher education hold an important role in an individual’s life. Higher education has an irreplaceable role in an individual’s life such as the facilitators in the character building, higher education as the passport to higher earnings, and higher education as the boost to the economy of a country. Therefore, I strongly believe everyone should pursue their higher education by enrolling themselves in a college or university.

          First, higher education as the facilitator in character building. Differ from high school, college or university offers students more freedom, opportunities to get to know a particular subject more deeply, opportunities to meet people from different sides of the world, opportunities to interact across racial, religious and socioeconomic, get more insights and experience. In college stage, students are enforced to think maturely and act wisely towards those opportunities. As the character building has been one of the objectives of the higher education in the colonial colleges (Rudolph, 1990) that is why the collegiate experience was intended to shape students’ attitudes and values as much as to stretch their intellect and expand their knowledge of the world just as the world renowned physicist, Albert Einstein said that “Education is not the learning of facts. It’s rather the training of the mind to think.” Whereas college may have a transforming effect on an individual personality (Clark et al, 1972) that basically involved in peer interaction among the students (Astin, 1977; Astin, Sax, and Avalos, 1999; Kuh, 1993, 1995; Pascarella and Terenzini, 1991). As the result, all of the opportunities that higher education offered are positively correlated in shaping an individual character.

          Second, higher education as the passport to higher earnings. As the globalization and fast-paced technological changing, the demand for higher educated workers remains intense. It is already a common fact that people who have higher education degree would likely to get a better position and better compensation in their job. As cited from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics about employment projections, it shows us that people with bachelor’s degree have a $227 higher median weekly earnings than the average in 2015. Besides that, it also shows that the rate of unemployment in bachelor’s degree is quite low that is only 2.8%, 1.5% lower than the average. In addition, people with higher education are more likely to get promoted to a higher position. That is what happen with my uncle, he was so passionate and skillful in his job, but due to his educational background that doesn’t fulfill the tertiary education, he cannot be promoted as higher as he supposed to be. People with higher education background was perceived to be more professional than the one who doesn’t have any degree. If we have a higher education degree after our name, it will likely lead us to a better future. Just like what Eduardo Porter said in The New York Times website “A simple equation: More education = More Income” with more income (money) in hands, we would have the freedom to manage our life in a better way.

          Third, higher education as the boost to the economy of a country. In this high globalizations era, the chances for people to work abroad is big. If a country accommodates so many foreign incomers to work in their country, that country will not be developed well. A good country should be able to empower and utilize their citizens as effective as possible, not only accommodate the incomers. Through the higher education, the government could increase their tax revenues (Walker & Zhu, 2013) as the higher education pursuer usually will likely to get a job and have a higher position with more favorable compensation than people with only secondary education (Holland, Liadze, Rienzo, & Wilkinson, 2013). Through the tax revenues, the gross domestic product would likely to grow increasingly. It was proven by the research that was done in the UK that shows a direct relationship between higher education and the economic growth (Holland, Liadze, Rienzo, & Wilkinson, 2013).

          Based on the survey done by Public Agenda about public opinion on higher education, it reported that people confidence in higher education is waning. Many people think that higher education does not really matter in pursuing success because people still can get success without pursuing higher education. Actually, no one says that success only can be obtained through four years of study in university. There are many ways to success in this life. Higher education is one of the effective ways to success just like what Napoleon Hill said, “The way of success is the way of continuous pursuit of knowledge.” Through higher education, it could give us deeper insights about a particular subject, makes us more aware of the changes in this world, and it gives us the motivation to innovate something new creatively. Therefore, through the benefits of a higher education offered to us, it will help us to survive and success in this life.

          In conclusion, I believe that higher education has an important role in an individual’s life even more in this globalizations era. Higher education possesses many benefits that could empower us to have a better future tomorrow. It doesn’t only give benefits to the individual, but also to the society, country, and economy. Therefore, everyone should go to college and pursue their higher education and the government should also take a part in developing the availability of higher education to all level of society.

REFERENCES

Astin, A. W., Sax, L. J., and Avalos, J. (1999). Long-Term Effects of Volunteerism during the Undergraduate Years. Review of Higher Education 22(2), 187–202.

Holland, D., Liadze, I., Rienzo, C., & Wilkinson, D. (2013). The relationship between graduates and growth across countries. BIS Research Paper No.146, 38.

Kuh, G.D. & Umbach, P.D. (2004). College and Character: Insights from the National Survey of Student Engagement. New Directions for Institutional Research. No. 122.

Porter, E. (2014). A Simple Equation: More Education = More Income. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/11/business/economy/a-simple-equation-more-education-more-income.html?_r=0

Public Agenda. (2016). Public Opinion on Higher Education Survey. Retrieved from https://www.publicagenda.org/pages/public-opinion-higher-education-2016

Rudolph, F. (1990). The American College and University: A History. University of Georgia Press.

United States Department of Labor – Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2015). Employment Projections. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_chart_001.htm

Walker, & Zhu. (2013). the impact of university degrees on the lifecycle of earnings: some further analyses. BIS Research Paper N0.146, 36.

Higher Education Should be Available for Everyone

Thesis Statement: Higher education should be available for everyone because of its huge benefits.

First Argument: Education is a right, not a privilege.

Second Argument: Higher education could give many benefits for the individual itself.

Third Argument: Higher education could give benefits to its country and economy.

Counter-argument: Higher education is only for rich people, a merely smart student but poor is not suited for higher education


 

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 HIGHER EDUCATION SHOULD BE AVAILABLE TO EVERYONE

      Education is an important part of everyone’s life and it plays a very important role in the growth of an individual. Nowadays, the educational systems are being diverse in different countries. Some countries are providing free higher education, some provide education at a more considerate price, or some only provide free higher education for the bright students only like what in Indonesia, specifically Jakarta did. In my opinion, higher education should be available to everyone and not to only those good students. I feel this way because I believe that education is a right, not a privilege, higher education could give benefits to the individual and it also could give benefit to the country and its economy. Therefore, I believe that higher education should be available for everyone because of its huge benefits.

          Firstly, I believe that education is a right, not a privilege. Just like what UNESCO said, that education is a fundamental right that every human carry. Therefore, it should be free just like what The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in article 26 said “Everyone has the right to education, Education should be free of charge, at least to the level of the elementary and basic education. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and vocational education, in general should be open to everyone and higher education should be accessible in the same way, based on merit”. If there is a smart student who unable to continue his study to the university due to the financial issue, based on the last passage of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, I think this student deserves some help from the government to continue his study. Therefore, higher education should be available and open to everyone and the government should help the potential student to get some adequate education.

         Secondly, higher education could give many benefits to the individual itself. Higher education such as college or university, they provide the knowledge that each individual need to live their life in a better way. In this stage, people can discover and develop their skills that could help them to improve their performance in their jobs. Through the degree that they would achieve at the end of the study, they could get a better job opportunity and a higher earnings opportunity (Walker & Zhu, 2013). Besides that, by having a higher education, it will make less exposure to un-employment instead, it would increase the employability and skills development (Bynner & Egerton, 2001; Hogarth, et al., 2007). Through all of the benefits I have mentioned above, it will make an individual less likely to commit crime (Borgonovi, 2012) and by having a higher education, people will have a better view of how important is the education, they would make sure that their children will get a better education than what they have got (Feinstein & Duckworth, 2006). By having a higher education, an individual could improve their value and they could have a better future.

     The last but not least, higher education could give many benefits to the country and its economy. The society that consists of people who has the higher education experience will create a good society, where there is trust and tolerance in there. Research found that the more highly educated individuals are found to be more trusting and are more tolerant towards migrants than poorly educated with consequent benefits to society as a whole (Borgonovi, 2012). For the economic side, higher education could increase the tax revenues because of the revenue that the graduate got would be higher than the revenue of the individual who has not any degree (Walker & Zhu, 2013). (Holland, Liadze, Rienzo, & Wilkinson, 2013)It also could impact the economic growth, as it has already proven by the research that done in UK that shows around 20% of UK economic growth between 1982 and 2005 came as a direct result of increased graduate skills accumulation (Holland, Liadze, Rienzo, & Wilkinson, 2013). A country with educated citizens will make a great developed country.

     Many people argue that higher education is only for rich people, a merely smart student but poor is not suited for higher education. Nowadays, in this globalization era, the government starts taking a good concern to the education of their country. For example in Jakarta, based on the news on Tempo website, it says that “starts from 2017, the ‘KJP’ cardholder now can get a free higher education in public university”. This act of Jakarta’s governor is the proof that the government starts taking a full attention to help their citizens gets a higher education by making it available for the KJP card holder. Through this act, the government is taking the responsibility of paying the tuition fee and even they will give the students some pocket money too. (Bynner & Egerton, 2001)The student on the other side, just needs to focus on their study and compete to get into the public university so they can get a free higher education. So now the citizens can relax knowing that the government is trying to help them through their programs.

     In conclusion, I believe that education is a right of every human being, and people should take and maximizing it as long as it’s available. Also, people have to work together to make the education available for everyone, especially the higher education. For as we know that higher education holds an important part and play an important role in an individual’s life and it also possesses many benefits that not only an individual could get but also the country and economy could get from the availableness of higher education.

REFERENCES

Borgonovi, F. (2012). The Relationship between education and levels of trust and tolerance in Europe. The British Journal of Sociology, 146-167.

Bynner, & Egerton. (2001). The Wider Benefits of HE. Report by HEFCE and Smith Insitute, HEFCE Report.

Chairunnisa, N. (2016, April 18). Pemegang Kartu Jakarta Pintar Dapat Tunjangan Kuliah.
Retrieved from https://m.tempo.co/read/news/2016/04/18/083763675/pemegang-kartu-jakarta-pintar-dapat-tunjangan-kuliah

Feinstein, L., & Duckworth, K. (2006). Are there effects of mothers’ post-16 education on the next generation? Effects on children’s development and mothers’ parenting. Wider Benefits of Learning Research Report.

Hogarth, T., Winterbotham, M., Hasluck, C., Carter, K., Daniel, W., Green, A., & Morrison, J. (2007). Employer and University Engagement in the Use and Development of Graduate Level Skills. Institute of Employment Research.

Holland, D., Liadze, I., Rienzo, C., & Wilkinson, D. (2013). The relationship between graduates and growth across countries. BIS Research Paper No.146, 38.

London, E. (2011). The returns to higher education qualifications. BIS Research Paper No.146.

Walker, & Zhu. (2013). The impact of university degrees on the lifecycle of earnings: some further analyses. BIS Research Paper N0.146, 36.

 

To Dorm or Not To Dorm

Thesis statement: Student should live in a rented house.

First argument: The cost of living in a rented house is cheaper than in the dormitory.

Second argument: By living in the rented house, students will learn more about freedom and responsibility.

Third argument: By living in the rented house, students will be more prepared for the real world.

Counter argument: Living in the dormitory is much safer than living in a rented house.

Conclusion: Living in a rented house is much more beneficial.

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To Dorm or Not to Dorm

Do you want to get a full experience of your college life? Have you ever curious of what would real life be? Do you want to learn how to be more self-independent and responsible? If the answers are yes, you should pack your things up and move out from your dormitory and rent a house. Why? Because based on my experience, I strongly believe that by living outside the dormitory, it would give you a full experience of your college life. Besides that, there are so many advantages that living outside the dormitory could give you, for the starters, the cost of living in a rented house is much cheaper than in the dormitory, the second, by living in a rented house you will learn more about freedom and responsibility, and the last, you will be more prepared for the real world. Not convincing yet? Let me elaborate more down here.

  Firstly, the cost of living in a rented house is cheaper than in the dormitory. Here is the bitter fact, everyone knows that college is very expensive. And if you decide to live in the dormitory, usually the cost of living in the dormitory is almost as expensive as the college tuition itself. Why not cut down the expenses by renting a house near the campus and split it with your friend? That way you both could save up your money for other purposes. Another benefit by renting a house is if you’re this lazy or busy student who unable to cook your own meal, you can buy it near your rented house. Usually, the food that sold near the rented house is far cheaper and diverse than the food that sold in the City Walk near the dormitory. Therefore, living in a rented house with your friend could save up your money much more.

Secondly, by living in a rented house, you will learn more about freedom and responsibility. Living in a rented house is also means freedom. Free to manage and decorate your own place however you like it, free to choose whomever you want to live with, and also the most precious freedom is free to use the bathroom for as long as you like it. But be careful, with freedom comes responsibility. Just like what Eleanor Roosevelt said, Freedom makes a huge requirement of every human being. With freedom comes responsibility. For the person who is unwilling to grow up, the person who does not want to carry is own weight, this is a frightening prospect. There will be many responsibilities that you would carry if you choose to live in a rented house. For example, you have to pay your own electricity bill, you have to do grocery shopping, you have to clean your own room since there is no cleaning service, and you have to make sure your place is safe from any thieves since usually there is no security service in a rented house. So, by living in a rented house, you’ll learn more about responsibility to yourself because if you’re not being responsible, you will be the one who gets the result of it.

Last but not least, you will be more prepared for the real world. In the real world, you cannot be dependent on somebody even to your parents because they would not be by your side for a lifetime. If you’re not prepared for it, you will be shocked and unable to survive once you live on your own. By living in a rented house, it will give you such a warms-up to the real world. Just like what I have said before that living in a rented house comes with so many responsibilities. Sure those activities are time-consuming and tiresome, but that’s what you’ll do once you really live by your own support. Later, when you finally get to live the real world without your parents support, you will not get shocked, since you have been there before and even you will know how to survive in the real world.

Many students think living in the dormitory is much safer than living in a rented house because we know that dormitory provides the students with a security service. However, based on my experience of living in a dormitory for two years, there are still many cases of theft. In my opinion, it’s not about where you live or how you live your life, the risk and danger will always by your side. In the real world itself, there will be no one who able to protect you all the time. You have to take care of yourself and protect your own-self, because if it’s not you, then who else? That’s why by living in a rented house, you will learn more about how important is self-independent and self-responsibility.

In conclusion, I strongly believe that by living in a rented house, could give the students much more benefits than living in the dormitory. By living in a rented house, the students will learn more about how important is self-independent and responsibility. College is an important phase for young-adult to shape their mind. By experiencing living in a rented house, it could give the students some experiences and lessons of life. By which those experiences and lessons would shape their characteristics, and make them ready for the real world.

A Letter of Goals

Goal I  :  Improve my reading skills to be more critically.

Goal II : To understand and apply the rules and conventions of academic writing in English.

Goal III : To be able to express myself through words better.

Write a conclusion for your letter in the space provided. It should give an evaluation of your goals.

          In conclusion, I have set three goals for myself. I know that each goal has its own difficulty and the journey of attaining those goals will not be easy. But, like Tommy Lasorda said “The difference between the impossible and the possible lies in a person’s determination” I believe that if we determined in attaining a goal, even if it seems impossible, we would be able to attain that goal. I hope at the day when I re-read this letter, I have achieved all of them.


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Dear Me,

          This is a letter I am writing to myself with three goals for English IV subject in it. I will open this letter at the end of this year and decide whether or not I have achieved these goals. The goals I have set for myself are to improve my reading skills to be more critically, to understand and apply the rules and conventions of academic writing in English, and to be able to express myself through words better. Now I will explain why I chose these goals and how I plan to accomplish them.

          First, I want to improve my reading skills to be more critically. As the 16th president of U.S.A. Abraham Lincoln said, “Don’t believe everything you read on the internet just because there’s a picture with a quote next to it” it is really important to be critical towards anything you read. In order to become an experienced and critical reader, the reader who can easily understand the context of a text as well as how the subject matter is developed, I realize that I need some critical reading practice. In that case, I plan to read some news, books, novels, and even journals. Every day I will make sure that I read something and be critical towards it by doing SQRRR (Scan, Skim, Question, Read, Recall, and Review). I hope by doing critical reading practice, I will be able to understand a text more comprehensively.

          Second, I want to understand and apply the rules and conventions of academic writing in English. Right now, I’m in this 8th semester of my study. One of the requirements for us to be able to graduate is to write and submit our thesis. Which writing thesis is never as simple and easy as writing a diary. Since I predict it would be hard and stressful for me if I didn’t get a clue on how to write a thesis, I want to start exercising my writing skills through this English IV subject. Since the lecturer of this subject gave us writings assignment for each week, I believe I could improve my writing skills. And I really hope that I will be able to write my own thesis smoothly.

          The last but not least, to be able to express myself through words better. Here is the thing, I think I was more confident when I’m writing rather than when I’m talking. Whenever I write, I feel the freedom of pouring out my thoughts without being afraid of people to misunderstand what I meant. I’m feeling like the most honest person when I’m writing. But as a matter of fact, there is a time when I don’t know how to express myself through words. Because of that, I plan to do start writing a diary. A diary which filled with my thoughts and so on, just to empty my brain from this ridiculous thought of mine. I hope through this new habit that I intend to do, maybe someday I could be one of the famous writers in the history. OK, that’s it, that’s too much of wishful thinking.

          In conclusion, I have set three goals for myself. I know that each goal has its own difficulty and the journey of attaining those goals will not be easy. But, like Tommy Lasorda said “The difference between the impossible and the possible lies in a person’s determination” I believe that if we determined in attaining a goal, even if it seems impossible, we would be able to attain that goal. I hope at the day when I re-read this letter, I have achieved all of them.

[REVISED] A FUTURE PROFESSIONAL AUDITOR

I think Erica Dwi Putri would make a professional auditor.

In the chart below, write three reasons why you think so and some supporting points for each.

Paragraph 2

Paragraph 3

Paragraph 4

Main Idea

Smart and detail-oriented person. A hard-worker. Good team player.

Supporting points

  • Smart in accounting.
  • Likes to plan her activities.
  • She gives full attention to the detail
  • Good time management.

.

  • She makes her goals.
  • She always passionate in everything she does.
  • Self-motivated person.
  • She doesn’t give up easily.
  • Able to lead a team.
  • She open to all people in the team.
  • Problem-solving thinking.
  • She supports all people in the team.

Now write a short introductory paragraph, like the first paragraph in part 6.

Have been working together in the same organization, I can say that Erica Dwi Putri is a smart girl who pays high attention to everything she does. She also a hard worker and a good team player. Based on this opinion, I think Erica would make a professional auditor in the future.

Write a topic sentence for each of your main ideas.

  1. She is very smart in accounting and pays high attention to the details.
  2. She is a hard-worker.
  3. She is a good team player.

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A FUTURE PROFESSIONAL AUDITOR

Have been working together in the same organization, I can say that Erica Dwi Putri is a smart girl who pays high attention to everything she does. She also a hard worker and a good team player. Based on this opinion, I think Erica would make a professional auditor in the future.

First, she is very smart in accounting and pays high attention to the details. Since senior high school, Erica has taken an interest in accounting. She has joined severals Accounting competition that challenge and enrich her knowledge in accounting. In everything she does, she always pays attention to the details. She always writes some notes about the activities that she has to do. Just like a rundown. That’s why she never missed any deadlines because through the notes that she made, she can distribute her time accordingly. Before submitting her works, she always does double-check. Make sure that her works are perfectly presented her answers. I think she would make a competent and professional auditor because of these qualities.

Second, she is a hard-worker. Once she sets her goal, she always tries her best to accomplish the goals. That’s why she looks so passionate in any tasks she does. She’s also a self-motivated person. She believes in herself, that she can attain the goal she made. When the problem comes, she doesn’t give up easily. In the life as an auditor, there must be a time where we would feel burned out because of some deadlines and findings. With these qualities of her, I believe she would survive as an auditor.

The last but not least, she is a good team player. She knows how to lead a team and create an effective team. With her openness to others about her thoughts and goals, it makes other people easy to follow her lead and directions. And she’s also the type of leader who always respects and supports her fellow to give their best efforts and always appreciates them when they did a good job. When a problem comes in the team, she encourages her fellow to think together for the way-out and acts as the problem solver. Sometimes when doing the audit, we need to build a team to make the work easier and faster to be done. I think an effective team should have an ‘encourager’ member or leader. And with Erica’s personality, I think she will be the ‘encourager’ in the team.

Professional Auditor


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A Professional Auditor

                Have been working together in the same organization, I can say that Erica Dwi Putri is a smart, detail-oriented person and a hard worker. She also has good communication skills and her opinion usually supported by some facts and her honest thought. She also a good team player. Therefore, I think she would make a professional auditor in the future.

          First, she is very attentive to the details and smart in accounting. She has this incredible habit that is to plan down everything she has to do. Like an organizer, she lists down every activity she has to do and other details regarding the activities. That’s why she never missed any deadlines because through the notes that she made, she can distribute her time accordingly. Before submitting her works, she always does double-check. Make sure that her works are perfectly presented her answers. Not to mention that she has an extensive knowledge of accounting, auditing and other economic knowledge that support her to be a competent auditor. Since an auditor should have deep knowledge about accounting, auditing and other things related to the business. Aside from being smart in accounting, she is also a good communicator. She able to express her thought clearly and being honest with it. An auditor must be honest and vocal about their opinion. And with Erica’s characteristics, I think she will make a good one.

          Second, she’s a hard-worker. Once she sets her goal, she always tries her best to accomplish the goals. That’s why she looks so passionate in any tasks she does. She’s also a self-motivated person. She believes in herself, that she can attain the goal she made. When the problem comes, she didn’t give up easily. She directly investigates the causes of the problem and tries to solve the problem by seeking other alternatives. An auditor must be able to detect the mistake in financial statements and should be able to investigate the causes of the mistake. With Erica’s hard working personality, I think she will be able to find the odds in financial statements and the causes of it.

          The last but not least, she’s a good team player. She knows how to lead a team and create an effective team. With her openness to others about her thoughts and goals, it makes other people easy to follow her lead and directions. And she’s also the type of leader who always respects and supports her fellow to give their best efforts and always appreciate them when they did a good job. When a problem comes in the team, she encourages her fellow to think together for the way-out and act as the problem solver. Sometimes when doing the audit, we need to build a team to make the work easier and faster to be done. I think an effective team should have an ‘encourager’ member or leader. And with Erica’s personality, I think she will be the ‘encourager’ in the team.

My Weapons Against the Boredom

As a full-time student in no matter which level you are, there must be a time when you feel like you just want to stop from whatever you’re doing right now and get away from all of your dozens assignments and routines. Yep! That’s what happen to me when the boredom and demotivation come as an ally and try to pick a fight with me.

There are three activities that I use as my major weapons to fight against the boredom. The first one is reading a novel. I don’t really remember when was the first time I fell in love with reading a novel. But whenever I read a novel I feel like I was drawn into the stories, as if I was in the different world and situations. Moreover, if it was my favorite genres of a novel such as romance, sci-fi, and action. It relaxing me to just read about some stories and imagining ‘if I was the main character’ and think about what response will I give to each plot scribed by the author, and about what will be the ending if it’s my choice to be written.

The second weapon is listening to some easy listening music. Music has a power in brightening your day. Even when you’re having a bad day, just listen to some music with your preferred song or genre, it does a magic work in making your day feels a little less terrible. I listen to music almost every day. You know there is a saying “headphones in, the world out.”? Yep! That’s what I feel whenever I listen to the pop songs I liked using my headphones. I just feel like I was drawn into the songs, it relaxing me. And sometimes end up by me karaoke-ing the song like I was the singer of the song, though my voice was nowhere as good as the singer’s voice.

The last weapon in fighting the boredom for me is a sport. I like to discover something new while also improving myself. That’s why when the boredom comes and the first two weapons I mention above seems not really working at the moment, then doing sport it is. My favorite sport is swimming. The feeling when you hold your breath and manage your hands and feet to keep moving under the water is exhausting but it feels good for me. It trains me to keep my calm and my mind straight when facing a problem. And it also such a joy to play with the water. Moreover, if you swim with your friends.

So that’s my major weapons that I usually use to fight against the boredom. What are your weapons? Feel free to comment down here!