Thesis Statement: Higher education should be available for everyone because of its huge benefits.
First Argument: Education is a right, not a privilege.
Second Argument: Higher education could give many benefits for the individual itself.
Third Argument: Higher education could give benefits to its country and economy.
Counter-argument: Higher education is only for rich people, a merely smart student but poor is not suited for higher education
HIGHER EDUCATION SHOULD BE AVAILABLE TO EVERYONE
Education is an important part of everyone’s life and it plays a very important role in the growth of an individual. Nowadays, the educational systems are being diverse in different countries. Some countries are providing free higher education, some provide education at a more considerate price, or some only provide free higher education for the bright students only like what in Indonesia, specifically Jakarta did. In my opinion, higher education should be available to everyone and not to only those good students. I feel this way because I believe that education is a right, not a privilege, higher education could give benefits to the individual and it also could give benefit to the country and its economy. Therefore, I believe that higher education should be available for everyone because of its huge benefits.
Firstly, I believe that education is a right, not a privilege. Just like what UNESCO said, that education is a fundamental right that every human carry. Therefore, it should be free just like what The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in article 26 said “Everyone has the right to education, Education should be free of charge, at least to the level of the elementary and basic education. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and vocational education, in general should be open to everyone and higher education should be accessible in the same way, based on merit”. If there is a smart student who unable to continue his study to the university due to the financial issue, based on the last passage of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, I think this student deserves some help from the government to continue his study. Therefore, higher education should be available and open to everyone and the government should help the potential student to get some adequate education.
Secondly, higher education could give many benefits to the individual itself. Higher education such as college or university, they provide the knowledge that each individual need to live their life in a better way. In this stage, people can discover and develop their skills that could help them to improve their performance in their jobs. Through the degree that they would achieve at the end of the study, they could get a better job opportunity and a higher earnings opportunity (Walker & Zhu, 2013). Besides that, by having a higher education, it will make less exposure to un-employment instead, it would increase the employability and skills development (Bynner & Egerton, 2001; Hogarth, et al., 2007). Through all of the benefits I have mentioned above, it will make an individual less likely to commit crime (Borgonovi, 2012) and by having a higher education, people will have a better view of how important is the education, they would make sure that their children will get a better education than what they have got (Feinstein & Duckworth, 2006). By having a higher education, an individual could improve their value and they could have a better future.
The last but not least, higher education could give many benefits to the country and its economy. The society that consists of people who has the higher education experience will create a good society, where there is trust and tolerance in there. Research found that the more highly educated individuals are found to be more trusting and are more tolerant towards migrants than poorly educated with consequent benefits to society as a whole (Borgonovi, 2012). For the economic side, higher education could increase the tax revenues because of the revenue that the graduate got would be higher than the revenue of the individual who has not any degree (Walker & Zhu, 2013). (Holland, Liadze, Rienzo, & Wilkinson, 2013)It also could impact the economic growth, as it has already proven by the research that done in UK that shows around 20% of UK economic growth between 1982 and 2005 came as a direct result of increased graduate skills accumulation (Holland, Liadze, Rienzo, & Wilkinson, 2013). A country with educated citizens will make a great developed country.
Many people argue that higher education is only for rich people, a merely smart student but poor is not suited for higher education. Nowadays, in this globalization era, the government starts taking a good concern to the education of their country. For example in Jakarta, based on the news on Tempo website, it says that “starts from 2017, the ‘KJP’ cardholder now can get a free higher education in public university”. This act of Jakarta’s governor is the proof that the government starts taking a full attention to help their citizens gets a higher education by making it available for the KJP card holder. Through this act, the government is taking the responsibility of paying the tuition fee and even they will give the students some pocket money too. (Bynner & Egerton, 2001)The student on the other side, just needs to focus on their study and compete to get into the public university so they can get a free higher education. So now the citizens can relax knowing that the government is trying to help them through their programs.
In conclusion, I believe that education is a right of every human being, and people should take and maximizing it as long as it’s available. Also, people have to work together to make the education available for everyone, especially the higher education. For as we know that higher education holds an important part and play an important role in an individual’s life and it also possesses many benefits that not only an individual could get but also the country and economy could get from the availableness of higher education.
Borgonovi, F. (2012). The Relationship between education and levels of trust and tolerance in Europe. The British Journal of Sociology, 146-167.
Bynner, & Egerton. (2001). The Wider Benefits of HE. Report by HEFCE and Smith Insitute, HEFCE Report.
Chairunnisa, N. (2016, April 18). Pemegang Kartu Jakarta Pintar Dapat Tunjangan Kuliah.
Retrieved from https://m.tempo.co/read/news/2016/04/18/083763675/pemegang-kartu-jakarta-pintar-dapat-tunjangan-kuliah
Feinstein, L., & Duckworth, K. (2006). Are there effects of mothers’ post-16 education on the next generation? Effects on children’s development and mothers’ parenting. Wider Benefits of Learning Research Report.
Hogarth, T., Winterbotham, M., Hasluck, C., Carter, K., Daniel, W., Green, A., & Morrison, J. (2007). Employer and University Engagement in the Use and Development of Graduate Level Skills. Institute of Employment Research.
Holland, D., Liadze, I., Rienzo, C., & Wilkinson, D. (2013). The relationship between graduates and growth across countries. BIS Research Paper No.146, 38.
London, E. (2011). The returns to higher education qualifications. BIS Research Paper No.146.
Walker, & Zhu. (2013). The impact of university degrees on the lifecycle of earnings: some further analyses. BIS Research Paper N0.146, 36.